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Homeland Security

Over the past several years, America has shifted from a sense of undeniable security to the stark reality of the September 11, attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Threats of additional attacks are a constant concern for most Americans and a comprehensive warning system provides a sense of security.

The modern Emergency Manager recognizes the need to be ready to respond to today's events and be ever prepared to identify and implement strategies to improve homeland security, reduce consequences, and improve response and recovery activities to minimize disruption to their community.


The Role of Outdoor Warning Sirens in Homeland Security

In the event of a terrorist attack, electronic sirens serve as an effective warning tool
(NS1.wav) as well as a medium of communication to the public in the aftermath. For example; In the event that there is prior warning to an attack, Emergency Personnel can sound a siren tone and follow it with a voice message (TA1.wav). Immediately following such an event, those persons in the effected area need instant information. The Emergency Operations Center can activate an attention getting tone and follow it with a clear and powerful voice message (PDW1.wav) This two step approach, alert and inform will eliminate confusion, restore order, and most importantly save lives! All of SafetyCom’s voice capable sirens can broadcast both pre-recorded messages as well as live public address. Information such as location of Red Cross shelters, medical/triage centers and food and clothing centers could be broadcast to all of the people in the effected areas that have experienced loss of commercial power in additional to other vital services.
With the use of solar panels, the sirens will remain functional throughout the crises therefore providing a source of communication regardless of the status of commercial power.



What Is Homeland Security?


Homeland Security is defined as the deterrence, prevention, and preemption of, and defense against, aggression targeted at U.S. territory, sovereignty, population, and infrastructure as well as the management of the consequences of such aggression and other domestic emergencies. Homeland Defense is a subset of Homeland Security. It is defined as the deterrence, prevention, and preemption of and defense against direct attacks aimed at U.S. territory, population, and infrastructure. Source: ANSER Institute for Homeland Security www.homelandsecurity.org/


Department of Homeland Security

In November 2002, President George W. Bush signed the Homeland Security Act of 2002 creating the Department of Homeland Security www.whitehouse.gov/deptofhomeland/ . The new department acquired responsibilities from many existing government agencies including the U.S. Coast Guard, Border Patrol, and Secret Service.

The role of the new department is to recognize and analyze threats, guard our borders, secure our airports, protect our critical infrastructure, and coordinate the response of our nation’s Emergency Managers for future emergencies. The overall role of The Department of Homeland Security will be to coordinate all of the nations resources for the safety of the American people.

This is the most significant transformation of the U.S. government in over a half-century. The creation of this cabinet-level agency is an important step in the national strategy for homeland security.

The Department of Homeland Security will have the following organizational structure:
www.whitehouse.gov/deptofhomeland/sect2.html

Border and Transportation Security
www.whitehouse.gov/deptofhomeland/sect3.html


Emergency Preparedness and Response
www.whitehouse.gov/deptofhomeland/sect4.html


Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Countermeasures
http://www.whitehouse.gov/deptofhomeland/sect5.html

Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection
http://www.whitehouse.gov/deptofhomeland/sect6.html


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The Emergency Managers Role in Homeland Defense

First responders and Emergency Mangers play a vital role in Homeland Security including managing the consequences of terrorism and other domestic emergencies.
Emergency management is defined as "a process to reduce loss of life and property and to protect assets from all types of hazards through a comprehensive, risk-based, emergency management program of mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery."

Although the terminology is new the role remains the same. Emergency Managers have been providing Homeland Security and Homeland Defense services for decades. During the cold war the terminology was "Civil Defense" and the chief threat was a nuclear attack. In today’s environment and current threat level, a Comprehensive Emergency Management Program should include an "All-Hazards” approach including mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. A good program will address Homeland Security issues as well as Continuity of Operations, Continuity of Government and other related areas. SafetyCom’s team of professionals can play a vital role in helping the Emergency Manager develop the type of program required to mitigate the impact of day-to-day disruption

Related Links

Internet Sites

Preparedness www.ready.gov/

Homeland Security Resources www.twotigersonline.com/resources.html

Federal Homeland Security www.whitehouse.gov/homeland/

Citizen Preparedness Guide www.citizencorps.gov/cpg.pdf

Homeland Security State Contact List www.whitehouse.gov/homeland/contactmap.html

US Department of State http://usinfo.state.gov/topical/pol/terror/homeland.htm

US Department of Defense www.defenselink.mil/specials/homeland/

Development of a Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan http://www.allhandsconsulting.com/emergency_management_plan.htm

Emergency Net
http://www.emergency.com/
24-Hour News, Information, Analysis and Coverage of Disasters and Major Emergency Events.

Bioterrorism: Threats and Events www.kcmo.org/health.nsf/web/bioterrorism?opendocument

The Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Response Association http://www.disasters.org

Organizations

International Association of Emergency Managers (IAEM) www.emassociation.org/

National Emergency Management Association (NEMA) http://nemaweb.media3.net/index.cfm

The Federal Emergency Management Agency http://www.fema.gov/ (FEMA)
and the Emergency Management Institute www.fema.gov/emi/

Preparedness Center www.preparedness-center.com/ - Disaster preparedness and emergency management, training and exercises for business, government and industry. Hazardous materials emergencies, catastrophic disaster preparedness, security, counter-terrorism preparedness and exercises

University of Wisconsin - Disaster Management Center http://epdwww.engr.wisc.edu/dmc
Books

Emergency Planning and Management:

Ensuring Your Company's Survival in the Event of a Disaster

Protecting the American Homeland: A Preliminary Analysis

Emergency Management Planning Handbook - This handbook provides a comprehensive guide to emergency management planning in the manufacturing, process, and service industries. It shows managers how to develop and maintain effective emergency management plans for all major hazards, and describes what various companies are going to implement programs.

Emergency Planning on the Internet

Click on these links for more books and products about

risk management
/ computer security / business continuity /
emergency management
ent


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